Babies conceived via vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are at a higher risk of experiencing congenital heart defects compared to those conceived spontaneously, according to a meta-analysis by Italian researchers. Their study, published in Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, analyzed 8 cohort studies and discovered that children who were conceived through assisted reproductive technology had a significantly increased risk of developing congenital heart defects.
While the study was conducted to see if IVF- and ICSI-conceived fetuses should have echocardiograms, the researchers concluded that more research needs to be conducted because of limitations of the studies used in the meta-analysis.
Alanna McCatty is founder and CEO of McCatty Scholars, an organization that devises and implements financial literacy programs for students to combat the nationwide issue of the loss of educational opportunity due to the ramifications of burdensome student debt. At MedShadow, she reports on new findings and research on the side effects of prescription drugs. She is a graduate of Pace University.